While revising the Western Palaearctic species of Tephritis, the synonymy is revealed as follows: T. conyzifoliae Merz, 1992 = T. academica Bassov & Tolstoguzova, 1994, syn. n. = T. nartshukovi Bassov & Tolstoguzova, 1994, syn. n. = T. epicrepis Shcherbakov, 2001, syn. n. Tephritis angustipennis (Loew, 1844) is shown to be the senior synonym of T. ptarmicae Hering, 1935, syn. n. Examination of the holotype Tephritis kukunoria Hendel, 1927 shows it to belong in Trupanea Schrank, 1795, and the following synonymy is established: Trupanea kukunoria (Hendel, 1927), comb. n. = Trupanea pterostigma Wang, 1996, syn. n. With new records from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, T. conyzifoliae is shown to be a widespread species with distribution from West Europe to Siberia. T. angustipennis is recorded from Ukraine for the first time. Lectotypes of T. angustipennis (Loew, 1844) and T. ptarmicae Hering, 1935 are designated.